Similar to Château Ausone and other vineyards in Saint-Émilion, the Pavie vineyard has a long history dating back to Roman times. Its name originated from the peach orchards (“pavies”) that once adorned the land. During the late 19th century, Ferdinand Bouffard meticulously assembled the modern estate by acquiring land from various families. Even though the plots were purchased separately, the 9 hectares obtained from the Pigasse family retained its individual identity as Château Pavie-Decesse. Gérard Perse, a wealthy Parisian and former cyclist, purchased the vineyard from Jean-Paul Valette in 1998.
Perse made significant changes to the property, removing most of the old equipment and introducing modern temperature-controlled wooden fermentation vats, a new cellar, and an advanced irrigation system in the vineyard. He enlisted the controversial wine consultant, Michel Rolland, who implemented strategies like severe pruning and green-harvesting, reducing yields, and encouraging malolactic fermentation in the wine. As a result, the wine became notably more concentrated and intense.
Due to the impressive transformation and improvements, Pavie received the prestigious Premier Grand Cru Classé (A) status in 2012, joining the ranks of only four Saint-Émilion producers to achieve such recognition.